Service RDPDD [???]

Service RDPDR [C:WindowsSystem32driversrdpdr.sys]

Service RDPENCDD [C:Windowssystem32driversrdpencdd.sys]

Service RDPNP [???]

Service RDPREFMP [C:Windowssystem32driversrdprefmp.sys]

Service RDPWD [C:WindowsSystem32DriversRDPWD.sys]

Service rdyboost [C:WindowsSystem32driversrdyboost.sys]

Service RemoteAccess [C:WindowsSystem32mprdim.dll]

Service RemoteRegistry [C:Windowssystem32regsvc.dll]

Service RpcEptMapper [C:WindowsSystem32RpcEpMap.dll]

Service RpcLocator [C:Windowssystem32locator.exe]

Service RpcSs [C:Windowssystem32rpcss.dll]

Service rspndr [C:Windowssystem32DRIVERSrspndr.sys]

Service RTL8167 [C:Windowssystem32DRIVERSRt86win7.sys]

Service RTL8192cu [C:Windowssystem32DRIVERSRTL8192cu.sys]

Service RtlService [C:Program FilesD-LinkDWA-123RtlService.exe]

Service RtlWlanu [C:Windowssystem32DRIVERSrtwlanu.sys]

Service s3cap [C:Windowssystem32DRIVERSvms3cap.sys]

Service SamSs [C:Windowssystem32lsass.exe]

Service sbp2port [C:Windowssystem32DRIVERSsbp2port.sys]

Service SCardSvr [C:WindowsSystem32SCardSvr.dll]

Service scfilter [C:WindowsSystem32DRIVERSscfilter.sys]

Service Schedule [C:Windowssystem32schedsvc.dll]

Service SCPolicySvc [C:WindowsSystem32certprop.dll]

Service SDRSVC [C:WindowsSystem32SDRSVC.dll]

Service secdrv [C:WindowsSystem32Driverssecdrv.sys]

Service seclogon [C:Windowssystem32seclogon.dll]

Service SENS [C:WindowsSystem32sens.dll]

Service SensrSvc [C:Windowssystem32sensrsvc.dll]

Service Serenum [C:Windowssystem32DRIVERSserenum.sys]

Service Serial [C:Windowssystem32DRIVERSserial.sys]

Service sermouse [C:Windowssystem32DRIVERSsermouse.sys]

Service ServiceModelEndpoint 3.0.0.0 [???]

Service ServiceModelOperation 3.0.0.0 [???]

Service ServiceModelService 3.0.0.0 [???]

Service SessionEnv [C:Windowssystem32sessenv.dll]

Service sffdisk [C:Windowssystem32DRIVERSsffdisk.sys]

Service sffp_mmc [C:Windowstems. If it doesn’t say specifically that the taps will work with low pressure then assume the worst and don’t buy without asking the retailer to verify the pressure requirements.

Question 3: What is the operating mechanism of the tap ?

Ceramic disc and spindle refer to the two alternative ways that the inner mechanism of a tap can operate.

Ceramic disc technology is usually used on more costly taps, as they function better and last longer. When the lever is turned, two ceramic discs are parted opening the valve and allowing the water to pour.

The traditional spindle design is commonly used on inferior quality, cheaper tap designs. The tap has a spindle through the core, with the valve seat attached via a screw thread. A standard tap washer is fixed to the end of the valve seat. As the knob is turned the spindle rotates and the screw thread moves the valve seat up and down to adjust the flow of water

Ceramic Disc Taps
Benefits
Drip free never change another tap washer again !
Long Life should never need to be replaced under regular use
Simple to Operate only a quarter turn is required to go from full on to off
Variety of styles works with modern lever designs and round handles

Draw Backs
Inferior flow rates – Unsuitable for very low pressure systems

Spindle Taps
Advantages
Superior flow rates suitable for most systems, high or low pressure

Draw Backs
Hard to operate – handle has to be turned many times from off to full on
Higher maintenance – washers will need replacing often
Less choice of style – cannot be used with modern lever designs

There are two key things to consider.

1. Unless you have a very low pressure system or are looking for the lowest feasible price then it is best to go for ceramic disc taps.

2. When comparing tap prices always ensure that both taps use the same mechanism. They may look the same, but if one is ceramic disc and one uses a spindle then the cheapest tap may actually be the worst value!

Question 4: How will the taps connect to your system?

Mono Basin & Bidet mixers are attached to the water supply by connectors, sometimes referred to tap tails. These come in two types, flexible and rigid and the purchaser normally doesn’t get any option within a range of taps.

Both types join directly to normal 15mm copper pipe work.The tap manufacturer usually decides what type of connectors each range of tap he makes will have.

Which kind is most suitable for you depends on where the taps are being installed and who is doing the installation.

Flexible Connectors

Best for DIY Installers: You dont require any plumbing skills, the bendable hose will simply trasnsform into whatever shape is necessary and the connection is made easily by tightening the compression nut with a wrench.

Best for small spaces with difficult access. The flexible hose allows connections in places that would be almost impossible to get into with rigid pipe work.

Rigid Connectors

Best for professional installers: The rigid connectors become part of the sturdy copper pipe run that connects the supply to the tap. The connections are made with capillary fittings, lead free solder and a blow torch. The end product looks neater, lasts longer and is much less prone to leaks.

Best for more open spaces with simple access. Even the most professional installer will want a large enough space to bend and fit the copper pipe run from the supply. If the space is too compact then flexible connectors may be the only viable option.

Question 5: Does the Tap meet the necessary Bylaws and/or Standards ?

British Standards

The first thing that confuses many people is that British Standards for taps are not quality guarantees. They just state certain things that a tap meeting with the standard should do. There is also no requirement that any product is tested by a third party to verify it actually meets the standard, so an assertion that a product meets BS5412 is only as reliable as the business making the claim !

The British Standards signify the minimum that a tap should meet to perform a particular application.

The key British Standards applied to taps are:

BS5412
The specification for low-resistance single taps and combination tap assemblies.

BS1010
The Specification for draw-off taps and stop-valves for water services

There is no British Standard at all for Ceramic Disc taps. So the very fact that somebody quotes that the tap complies with BS5412 or BS1010 lets you know that it is an inferior design spindle tap!

Water Bylaws

All products attached to the UK drinking water supply must be compliant to the UK Water Bylaws. There are independent testing and certification schemes in place to establish conformity, however these are not mandatory in the UK.

The expense of outside certification is high and many top brand tap manufacturers decide not to pay for certification. Any taps that have KIWA or WRAS approval have been tested for compliance and should be of a good quality, but all taps installed in the UK, must by law comply with the Water Bylaws.

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